A 7-22% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to the status quo. The lower end is unconditional, while the upper part of ambitions depends on the provision of climate finance and access to technology. Link to the Algerian INDC. As climate change promotes rising temperatures and extreme weather events, it endangers our air, water and food. spreads the disease; and endangers our homes and our safety. We are facing a growing public health crisis. The IPCC notes that climate change is limited only by “substantial and sustainable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.” While one can debate the benefits of using a single global temperature threshold to represent dangerous climate change, the general scientific opinion is that any increase in global temperatures of more than 2 degrees Celsius would be an unacceptable risk – potentially leading to mass extinctions, more severe droughts and hurricanes, and an aqueous Arctic. Moreover, as the IPCC notes, while it remains uncertain about the extent of global warming that will trigger “abrupt and irreversible changes” in Earth`s systems, the risk of crossing the threshold only increases as temperatures rise. The NDC partnership was launched at COP22 in Marrakech to improve cooperation so that countries have access to the technical knowledge and financial support they need to achieve climate and sustainability goals on a large scale.
The NDC partnership is led by a steering committee made up of developed and developing countries and international institutions, and supported by a support unit hosted by the World Resources Institute based in Washington, DC and Bonn, Germany. The NDC Partnership is jointly led by the governments of Costa Rica and the Netherlands and includes 93 member countries, 21 institutional partners and ten associate members. While the Paris Agreement ultimately aims to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius this century, numerous studies evaluating each country`s voluntary commitments in Paris show that the cumulative effect of these emission reductions will not be large enough to keep temperatures below this ceiling. In fact, the targets set by countries should limit the future temperature rise to 2.7 to 3.7 degrees Celsius. Current assessments of countries` performance under their Paris climate goals show that some countries are already failing to meet their commitments. This will be the implicit message that will be sent tomorrow as nations gather virtually to look back at what the Paris Agreement has achieved in its first half decade and, more importantly, to reveal new commitments to further reduce global warming emissions. While analysts say the pact has helped make progress toward its goal of preventing global average temperatures from rising 2°C above pre-administrative levels, the efforts are also overshadowed by ample evidence that many countries are not delivering on the promises they made in 2015. And even if nations had kept those promises, some researchers predict that global temperatures would rise by 2.6°C by the end of the century, which is related to the need for stronger action.
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