Most of the nine participating countries have committed to securing the agreements, but the United States has made it clear that they are not related. The South Vietnamese were also supportive and the final declaration was not signed by all parties. The U.S. government pledged to establish a separate anti-communist state in southern Vietnam and in 1956 supported South Vietnam`s refusal to hold national elections in agreement with northern Vietnam. On 18 February 1954, at the Berlin conference, participants agreed that “the issue of peacemaking in Indochina will also be addressed at the conference [on the issue of Korea] to which representatives of the United States, France, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the People`s Republic of China and other interested states are invited.” :436 The conference took place on 26 April 1954 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. The first item on the agenda was the Korean question, which was to follow Indochina. :549 “The fact that the 1954 agreements (peace) were not elusive was not due to the means of achieving peace. This fatal shortcoming must be justified by the fact that the agreements have not been confirmed or confirmed by all parties to the conflict. The United States and the South are not bound by the agreements, because they did not just refuse to sign… or to approve the statement orally, but also to respond in the affirmative. Roger H. Hull, U.S. attorney Zhou Enlai reports some last-minute agreements on the conference proceedings.
It was decided that the Korean delegation would speak first and that Thailand, Great Britain and the Soviet Union would take turns chairing the conference. North Vietnam:0800 (local), 27 July 1954 Central Vietnam: 0800 (local), 1 August 1954 South Vietnam: 0800 (local), 11 August 1954 [art 11] 1. The Geneva Conventions refer to a series of agreements on the future of Vietnam. They were developed during multilateral discussions in Geneva between March and July 1954. Diplomats from South Korea, North Korea, the People`s Republic of China (PRC), the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America discussed the Korean side of the conference. For Indochina, the agreements were concluded between France, Viet Minh, the USSR, the PRC, the United States, the United Kingdom and the future states of French Indochina.  The agreement temporarily separated Vietnam into two zones, a northern area to be ruled by Viet Minh and a southern area to be ruled by the State of Vietnam and then under the leadership of former Emperor Beo II. A final declaration of the conference, issued by the British President of the Conference, called for parliamentary elections to be held for the creation of a single Vietnamese state until July 1956.
Although they helped create the agreements, they were not signed directly or accepted by delegates from the state of Vietnam and the United States, and the State of Vietnam refused to allow elections, which led to the Vietnam War the following year.